About E. coli

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Chapter 15


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23. Tauxe, Robert A., "Emerging Foodborne Diseases: An Evolving Public Health Challenge," EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 425-427 (Oct.-Dec. 1997).

24. CDC, "Multistate Outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infections Associated with Eating Ground Beef—United States, June-July 2002," MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REVIEW, Vol. 51, at 638 (2002) reprinted in JOURNAL OF AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol. 288, No. 6, 690 (Aug. 14, 2002).

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30. Breuer, T, et al., "A multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections linked to alfalfa sprouts grown from contaminated seeds," EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES, Vol. 7, pp. 977-982 (2001).

31. Friedman, M.S., et al., "Escherichia coli O157:H7 Outbreak Associated with an Improperly Chlorinated Swimming Pool," CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASE, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 298-303 (1999).

32. Cody, S.H., et al., "An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection from unpasteurized commercial apple juice," ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, Vol. 130, No. 3, pp. 202-9 (1999).

33. Siegler, Richard, "The Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome," PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, Vol. 42, p. 1505 (Dec. 1995)

34. Chandler, W.L., et al., "Prothrombotic Coagulation Abnormalities Preceding the Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome," NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, Vol. 346, No. 1, pp. 23-32 (2002).

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36. Keen, J.E., et al., "Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 in agricultural fair livestock, United States," EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 780-86 (2003).

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41. Slutsker, L, et al., "A nationwide case-control study of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection in the United States," JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE, Vol. 177, pp. 962-966 (1998).

42. Tarr, Philip, "Escherichia coli O157:H7: Clinical, Diagnostic, and Epidemiological Aspects of Human Infection," CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASE, Vol. 20, pp. 1-10 (1995).

43. Wong, C.S., et al., "The risk of the hemolytic uremic syndrome after antibiotic treatment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections," NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, Vol. 342, pp.1930-36 (2000).

44. Safdar, Nasia, et al., "Risk of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome After Treatment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Enteritis: A Meta-analysis," JOURNAL OF AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol. 288, No. 8, pp. 996 (Aug. 28, 2002).

45. Garg, Amit X, et al., "Long-term Renal Prognosis of Diarrhea-Associated Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: A Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Meta-regression," JOURNAL OF AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol. 290, No. 10, p. 1360 (Sept. 10, 2003).

46. Siegler, Richard, "Postdiarrheal Shiga Toxin-Mediated Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome," JOURNAL OF AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol. No. 10, p. 1379 (Sept. 10, 2003).

47. Robitaille, Pierre, et al., "Pancreatic Injury in the Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome," PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, Vol. 11, pp. 631-32 (1997).

48. Bell, Beth, et al., "Predictors of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in Children During a Large Outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infections," PEDIATRICS, Vol. 100, No. 1, p. 1 (July 1, 1997), full text available online at http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/100/1/e12

49. Marshall, J., et al., "Incidence and Epidemiology of Irritable Bowel Syndrome After a Large Waterborne Outbreak of Bacterial Dysentery," GASTROENTEROLOGY, Vol. 131, pp. 445-50 (2006).

50. Hungin, A., et al., "Irritable Bowel Syndrome in the United States: Prevalence, Symptom Patterns and Impact," ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, Vol. 21, No. 11, pp. 1365-75, (2005). Online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15932367

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64. Bosilevac J. M., M. N. Guerini, D. M. Brichta-Harhay, T. M. Arthur, and M. Koohmaraie. "Microbiological characterization of imported and domestic boneless beef trim used for ground beef." J FOOD PROT. 70:440-9 (2007) available online at http://www.ars.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/Place/54380530/2007700440.pdf

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66. Wong, C.S. et al. "Risk Factors for the Hemolyic Uremic Syndrome in Children Infected with Escherichia coli O157:H7: a Multivariable Analysis". CLIN INFECT DIS first published online March 19, 2012 doi:10.1093/cid/cis299 available for purchase online at http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/03/16/cid.cis299.full.pdf+html

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